Strait of Hormuz: The World's Key Oil Choke Point

Eastward Bound

On an average day, 14 tankers loaded with crude oil pass through the Strait of Hormuz. In 2011, 77 percent of the oil was headed for ports of Asia and the Pacific, while just 12 percent was destined for the Western Hemisphere. Roll over the regional pie charts to see more detail.

Americas/Caribbean

United States

Canada
Brazil
Bahamas
Aruba

1.7 million barrels per day (bpd),
9 percent of its oil consumption
104,000 bpd, 5 percent
95,000 bpd, 4 percent
24,000 bpd, 65 percent
6,000 bpd, 75 percent
america

Eastward Bound

On an average day, 14 tankers loaded with crude oil pass through the Strait of Hormuz. In 2011, 77 percent of the oil was headed for ports of Asia and the Pacific, while just 12 percent was destined for the Western Hemisphere. Roll over the regional pie charts to see more detail.

Asia/Pacific

Japan

India
China
South Korea
Singapore
Taiwan
Thailand
Pakistan
Indonesia
Malaysia
Philippines
Australia
New Zealand
Sri Lanka
Bangladesh

2.8 million barrels per day (bpd),
64 percent of its oil consumption
2.2 million bpd, 71 percent
2.2 million bpd, 23 percent
2.1 million bpd, 92 percent
881,000 bpd, 82 percent
466,000 bpd, 49 percent
460,000 bpd, 48 percent
192,000 bpd, 47 percent
186,000 bpd, 14 percent
155,000 bpd, 30 percent
146,000 bpd, 47 percent
94,000 bpd, 10 percent
41,000 bpd, 26 percent
40,000 bpd, 38 percent
20,000 bpd, 20 percent

asia

Eastward Bound

On an average day, 14 tankers loaded with crude oil pass through the Strait of Hormuz. In 2011, 77 percent of the oil was headed for ports of Asia and the Pacific, while just 12 percent was destined for the Western Hemisphere. Roll over the regional pie charts to see more detail.

Europe

1.3 million barrels per day (bpd),
9 percent of its consumption; includes:


Netherlands
France
Italy
Spain
Greece
United Kingdom


327,000 bpd, 32 percent
160,000 bpd, 9 percent
105,000 bpd, 7 percent
59,000 bpd, 4 percent
28,000 bpd, 7 percent
9,000 bpd, 1 percent

europe

Eastward Bound

On an average day, 14 tankers loaded with crude oil pass through the Strait of Hormuz. In 2011, 77 percent of the oil was headed for ports of Asia and the Pacific, while just 12 percent was destined for the Western Hemisphere. Roll over the regional pie charts to see more detail.

Africa/Middle East

South Africa

Saudi Arabia
Kenya
Tanzania
Egypt
Turkey
Unspecified

221,000 barrels per day (bpd),
40 percent of its oil consumption
100,000 bpd, 3 percent
33,000 bpd, 43 percent
5,000 bpd, 14 percent
3,000 bpd, less than 1 percent
3,000 bpd, less than 1 percent
73,000 bpd

asia

Dire Strait

Twenty percent of oil traded worldwide moves by tanker through the Strait of Hormuz, the world's most important petroleum transit choke point. In 2011, Saudi Arabia led six Persian Gulf nations in exporting 16 million barrels per day of crude oil through the 2-mile-wide (3.2-kilometer-wide) shipping lane.

region

Eastward Bound

On an average day, 14 tankers loaded with crude oil pass through the Strait of Hormuz. In 2011, 77 percent of the oil was headed for ports of Asia and the Pacific, while just 12 percent was destined for the Western Hemisphere. Roll over the regional pie charts to see more detail.

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration
Graphic by Stephen Rountree and Sam Forman

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