Quiz: What You Don’t Know About Energy in Asia


Three Gorges Dam (Photograph by R.V. Bulck, Getty)

You know that demand in Asia is moving energy markets around the world, but how much do you really know about the needs and resources of the world's most populous continent?

Quiz by Christina Nunez and Marianne Lavelle

China is known to be the world’s largest current emitter of greenhouse gases, behind the United States. But which Asian country has the highest emissions per person?

  • Japan
  • India
  • Brunei
  • Indonesia

Brunei ranks highest among Asian countries for per capita greenhouse gas emissions, followed by Singapore, according to the World Resources Institute. Overall, Kuwait has the highest emissions per capita in the world. (See also: “Four Ways to Look at Global Carbon Footprints.”)

Developing Asia accounts for nearly half of the population without access to electricity. Of the following countries, which has the largest number of energy poor?

  • Indonesia
  • China
  • India
  • Vietnam

Nearly half of those without access to electricity in Asia, 306 million people, live in India. That's one quarter of the country's population; the country outside Africa with the largest percentage of people lacking electricity access is Pakistan, at 31 percent, or 55 million.

How much of the air pollution in China has been linked to the manufacture of goods for export?

  • About one tenth
  • About one fifth
  • About one half
  • About three quarters

According to a study published in 2014 in the Proceedings of the Academy of the National Academy of Sciences, between one fifth and one third of the key air pollutants in China came from export manufacturing. About 21 percent of those export-related emissions were pegged to goods bound for the United States. (See related story: “How Much Is U.S. to Blame for ‘Made-in-China’ Pollution?”)

Before the Tohoku earthquake in 2011, about how much of Japan's electricity came from nuclear power?

  • 20 percent
  • 30 percent
  • 40 percent
  • 50 percent

Japan relied on its 54 nuclear reactors for about 30 percent of its electricity before the earthquake and subsequent disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant effectively shut down all of the country's nuclear generating capacity.

China is overwhelmingly reliant on coal, which supplies nearly 70 percent of its energy and contributes to its problems with air quality. Which fuel comes in second?

  • natural gas
  • solar
  • hydroelectric
  • oil

About 18 percent of China's energy comes from oil. China is the second-largest consumer of oil in the world, behind the United States. (See related story: "Coal-Burning Shortens Lives in China, New Study Shows.")

Which of these countries devoted the most money to subsidizing fossil fuels in 2012?

  • India
  • China
  • Indonesia
  • Singapore

India's subsidies for oil and gas in 2012 were valued at about $35 billion, more than twice that of China's. Iran spent the most to subsidize fossil fuel, about $65 billion for oil and gas. (See interactive map based on 2010 numbers: Fossil Fuel Burden on State Coffers.)

Energy demand in Southeast Asia is expected to be equivalent to that of Japan by 2035. How much of an increase in demand will Southeast Asia see over the next two decades?

  • About 50 percent
  • About 60 percent
  • About 70 percent
  • More than 80 percent

According to the International Energy Agency's 2013 World Energy Outlook, demand for energy in Southeast Asia will grow by more than 80 percent between 2011 and 2035. Its population will rise by nearly 25 percent.

Which of these countries is the world's second-largest producer of geothermal energy?

  • Philippines
  • Indonesia
  • China
  • Vietnam

Philippines ranks second to the United States in production of geothermal energy, with an installed capacity of 1,904 megawatts, which is about 60 percent of U.S. capacity.

Three Gorges Dam, spanning the Yangtze River in China, is the world’s largest power plant, with more than three times the capacity of Grand Coulee Dam in the U.S. How many people were displaced to build Three Gorges?

  • 100,000
  • 250,000
  • 500,000
  • More than 1 million

More than 1.2 million people were relocated to make way for Three Gorges dam and its massive reservoir.

China will lead demand in world energy growth through 2035, in the view of the International Energy Agency (IEA).

  • True
  • False

False. Energy demand growth will be led by China this decade, but will shift toward India and, to a lesser extent, southeast Asia after 2025, according to IEA’s 2013 World Energy Outlook.





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